This test checks for immunity to the viruses that cause mumps, measles, and rubella.
PLEASE NOTE: ALL RESULTS AND INFORMATION PROVIDED BY HEALTH eLABS ARE INTENDED FOR GENERAL HEALTH INFORMATION PURPOSES ONLY. AS SUCH THEY ARE NOT A SUBSTITUTE FOR PROFESSIONAL MEDICAL ADVICE OR A MEDICAL EXAMINATION, AND SHOULD NOT BE USED TO DIAGNOSE, TREAT, PREVENT OR CURE ANY DISEASE, SYNDROME, OR CONDITION WITHOUT THE SUPERVISION OF A LICENSED PHYSICIAN.
PREPARATION: No fasting or other special preparation is needed for this test.
What does this test do?
This test checks for immunity to the measles virus, the mumps virus, and the rubella virus. It includes:
Why is this important?
This test determines the presence of antibodies to the viruses that cause mumps, measles, and rubella. These diseases aren’t that prevalent in the U.S. nowadays, because most Americans receive a series of immunizations (with the MMR vaccine) in early childhood.
The vaccines work to stimulate the production of antibodies – molecules that help the immune system target and destroy the viruses when they try to enter the bloodstream.
As we get older though our immune systems age too, and sometimes adults stop producing antibodies to these viruses. Treatment with drugs that suppress the immune system can also cause a reduction in immunity. If that happens, then there is an increased risk of becoming infected with one (or more) of these viruses.
Who needs the test?
Due to potential exposure to patients with these diseases, newly hired health care workers and students entering health care training programs usually have to provide proof of immunity to MMR.
What do the results mean?
This test determines the presence of antibodies to the measles, mumps, and rubella viruses circulating in the bloodstream. In other words, if you have either had these infections in the past, or if you’ve been immunized against them, then your body is producing antibodies to each virus and a positive result indicates ongoing protection.
A negative result on any of the levels means that you do not have a significant number of the expected antibodies to that particular virus, and you are no longer immune to that particular virus. If this is the case then you should talk to your doctor about what the results mean, as well as the pros and cons of getting vaccinated.