Measures the amount of white and red blood cells; useful in detecting anemia or leukemia.
PLEASE NOTE: ALL RESULTS AND INFORMATION PROVIDED BY HEALTH eLABS ARE INTENDED FOR GENERAL HEALTH INFORMATION PURPOSES ONLY. AS SUCH THEY ARE NOT A SUBSTITUTE FOR PROFESSIONAL MEDICAL ADVICE OR A MEDICAL EXAMINATION, AND SHOULD NOT BE USED TO DIAGNOSE, TREAT, PREVENT OR CURE ANY DISEASE, SYNDROME, OR CONDITION WITHOUT THE SUPERVISION OF A LICENSED PHYSICIAN.
PREPARATION: No fasting or other special preparation is needed for this test.
What does this test do?
This panel measures the amount of red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets circulating in the bloodstream. It also gives important information on the size and amount of hemoglobin carried by the red blood cells, as well as the number of different types of white blood cells.
Why is this important?
Abnormal values in the Complete Blood Count can provide information on various blood disorders such as anemia, leukemia, and unusual bleeding patterns.
What do the results mean?
A Complete Blood Count is made up of several subtests:
White Blood Cells (WBC) – White blood cells destroy bacteria, viruses, and other infectious organisms by attacking the offending agents. High concentrations of WBC’s (20,000 or greater) may indicate acute infection or leukemia; low WBC counts are seen in advanced infections and AIDS.
Red Blood Cells (RBC) – red blood cells contain hemoglobin and are responsible for transporting oxygen to the body tissues.
Hemoglobin (Hgb) – a large molecule which contains iron atoms and is responsible for giving blood its red color. Hemoglobin binds oxygen in the lungs and then carries it to the cells throughout the body.
Hematocrit (Hct) – a ratio of the cellular portion of blood to the fluid portion, or plasma. The plasma carries proteins, clotting factors, and many other molecules such as nutrients and metabolic waste byproducts.
MCH, MCHC – also known as red blood cell indices. These measurements reflect the average red blood cell volume, and the concentration of hemoglobin contained in each cell. Abnormalities in these values reflect abnormally large or small red blood cells and can be produced by various nutritional deficiencies and disease states.
Red Cell Distribution Width (RDW) – calculates the variation in size from the biggest red blood cell to the smallest red blood cell measured. An abnormally high RDW value can be found in certain types of anemias.
Platelet count (PLT) – tiny cell fragments in the blood that clump together to produce a blood clot when exposed to certain molecules, damaged arterial walls, or cholesterol plaque buildup. Low platelet counts can cause bleeding disorders.
Mean Platelet Volume (MPV) – measures the average volume (size) of platelets in the blood.